ARCHAEOLOGICAL AREA via dell'Abbondanza
The archaeological site in Via dell’Abbondanza was discovered in 2004 during construction works and was excavated until 2005. It became a museum in late August 2015, and today it is open to visitors, who can enjoy an original experience with the help of technology.
The current arrangement is the result of a work project managed by the Soprintendenza Archeologica delle Marche (the office for the preservation of archaeological property), the Municipality of Pesaro and Sistema Museo.
It is an example of aristocratic residence dating from the early Roman imperial period. The importance and wealth of its owner were shown both by its location within the city (its entrance faced the cardo) and by the richness of its decorations.
Built between the late 1st century BC and the early 1st century AD, it was restored several times and was inhabited until the early 3rd century AD at least. Its architectural plan and structure look very regular.
The domus lay on an axis: the entrance led into the atrium, situated beyond the excavation area towards the cathedral, and then into the peristyle, the columned porch, whose structure is well preserved for the most part, with column bases along the inner sides, next to the drains that caught rainwater.
At the sides of the peristyle were the rooms for the family’s private life, to which mosaic thresholds gave access.
The mosaics, all in black and white, and recently restored with utmost care, are well preserved and are the most fascinating element of the house. The original frescoes are not preserved except a few portions located just above the floor in some rooms. Nevertheless, many fragments were discovered during the excavations, as well as stuccoes and rare terracotta decorations.
The thermal facilities can be dated back to the 5th century AD, as shown by the presence of a hypocaust with suspensurae, created by excavating one of the former rooms of the house, which had been long abandoned.
The tour has been designed so as to provide scientific information intended for a general audience and to minimize the impact of technology. The archaeological finds have been arranged in two glass cases, the one for the Roman period and the other for the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
Earthenware, oil-lamp and tools of everyday life are on display. Of particular interest is a terracotta head portraying the god Eros sleeping.
A special feature of the museum is the virtual tour, which is the only one of its kind in the Marche region: three-dimensional images of the ancient domus are projected on the concrete walls of the building, so that visitors can see with their own eyes what everyday life looked like in the Roman city of Pisaurum (Pesaro).
The tour is also accessible to low-vision visitors, thanks to Braille boards and tactile models. This part of the project was made possible by the cooperation with the scientific team of the Museo Tattile Statale “Omero” of Ancona, one of the few tactile museums in the world.
Soprintendenza Archeologia delle Marche - photo Bruno Mariotti CH+